38As he taught, he said, “Beware of the scribes, who like to walk around in long robes, and to be greeted with respect in the marketplaces, 39and to have the best seats in the synagogues and places of honor at banquets! 40They devour widows’ houses and for the sake of appearance say long prayers. They will receive the greater condemnation.”
41He sat down opposite the treasury, and watched the crowd putting money into the treasury. Many rich people put in large sums. 42A poor widow came and put in two small copper coins, which are worth a penny.43Then he called his disciples and said to them, “Truly I tell you, this poor widow has put in more than all those who are contributing to the treasury. 44For all of them have contributed out of their abundance; but she out of her poverty has put in everything she had, all she had to live on.”
Large Sums of Money
Two small copper coins
It’s hard to overstate the physical contrast between the rich people and this poor woman’s offering. Yet Jesus insists we don’t know half of the size of the contrast between those offerings.
“I’ll tell you just how sharp that contrast is,” he says to his disciples in verse 43.
“This widow put more in the collection plate than all the others.”
“Are you kidding?!” we can almost hear those disciples at least quietly respond.
“Are you not just blind, but also deaf? Didn’t you just see (and hear) how much those rich people put in and how little the widow contributed?”
Yet Jesus points out that the people who are rich, he points out, after all, give what they’ll never miss. They give figurative if not literal pocket change. By contrast, the widow extravagantly gives what she can’t afford.
- Is it her last dollar?
- Rent money?
- Mortgage payment?
- Food budget?
- The house the religious leaders liked to steal from people like her?
Whatever it is, Jesus says, is everything she had to live on.
“Her whole life.” That’s what she gave, friends. The Greek is certain. Clear. Little room for wiggle room. Not a portion. Not a tithe. Not a percentage. But her whole living.
Her whole living?
That should be a moment for pause. None of us can give that to the church, or to anyone or anything, for that matter. So we cannot reduce her donation to a percentage or a portion. We cannot rationalize her offering for the sake of dedication to some calculated stewardship campaign. She gave her whole life to God. If we turn this into a stewardship sermon, we have most certainly succeeded in undermining this widow’s gift at best and making it an example at worst.
Her whole life. Why?
- Out of obligation?
- All of the above?
She gave her whole life because there were no other options. She gave her whole life because that’s what was expected of her. She gave her whole life because her life depended on it. Caught in a system of quid pro quo, trapped in expectations that demanded more from her than she could practically give, knowing that her future depended on her present, she had to do what she did. She acted out of assumptions and assertions and assessments that located her, managed her, and determined her life. There was no other recourse than to give her whole life.
To be clear, very clear. This is not an indictment against Judaism. No way and no how. This was the system. This was reality. And yet Jesus makes an important observation about this reality. Jesus risks speaking the truth, or at least he does according to Mark. At its heart, this was the Jesus movement. And that is something to consider and ponder as preachers over and over again. The Jesus movement claimed that God was up to something new — not a new doctrine, not a new faith, not a new God, but God committed to a continued way of being in relationship with God, with the world, for the sake of the world, and for the sake of every believer’s identity in the world that might incarnate God’s love.
Jesus sought to inject ways of thinking about God that might have been experienced as resistant to the status quo. There is no way the Jesus movement could have ever gotten off the ground were it not for a persistent diversity in Jewish thought, belief, and praxis in the first century. The ministry of Jesus was meant to be counter, could be counter, and countered everything in part because the ways of imagining God in the world had already been called into question and had exceeded expectations. The more we remember this the better.
If we reduce the widow’s giving to our giving to the church, we have missed the point of this story entirely. This is what we are prone to do — taking characters to serve as our “better than thous.” Using characters to make as foils for our betterment. This is a story that calls our bluff.
The Bible says, the Scriptures insist, and God needs that the characters we meet cannot simply be examples. They cannot be always those about whom we say, “wow, I need to be more like” or “if I were more like…” They have to be invitations to embody how we will follow Jesus. They have to be those that allow us to imagine what the kingdom of God looks like. And that kingdom starts with whole life living. We cannot miss that her offering of her life foreshadows Jesus’ own act for us.
To what extent Jesus points her out, not to give us justification for a stewardship campaign, or to call attention to our own lives of service, but that in her he sees what he must do.
Jesus will have to give his whole life, his entire life. He already did, in fact, prior to the cross. He constantly embraced rejection. He consistently accepted the questioning of his followers. He confirmed over and over again that following him would mean whole life giving and whole life living. The widow’s example should be nothing new and at the same time should be everything new.
She embodies Jesus’ own ministry. She acts out Jesus’ own call. She believes that what she does will manifest itself in something beyond herself. In the end, that is truly discipleship according to Mark, that is truly salvific according to Mark, and it is what Jesus portrays according to Mark. But more so, according to Mark, this is the essence of God.
God knows nothing else than to give God’s whole life. God has shown that time and time again to God’s people in the Hebrew Scriptures and we should expect no different now. This is the essence of God — to give God’s whole self. And here, now, in this unnamed widow, God is doing it again.
God calls us to whole life living. That’s what discipleship is all about.
Commentary provided by Dave Lose, Caroline Lewis, Emerson Powery, Henry Langknecht, Bosco Peters, Alison Bucklin and Doug Bratt